There are also sensitive areas for decoration. You

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Abstract: after buying a house, the decoration is naturally put on the agenda. But now, many young people will more or less give full play to their own ideas and pursue personality in the matter of decoration. Many owners may not know that many parts of the house cannot be moved in the decoration. These places are also what we usually call the "forbidden area" or "sensitive area" of decoration. Demolition and modification without knowing the structure will not only affect the overall beauty of the house, but also bring certain potential safety hazards to their own or neighbors. What are these "restricted areas" or "sensitive areas" specifically

decoration sensitive area 1: bearing wall

many people know that the bearing wall cannot be removed or modified during decoration. But not many people can tell what kind of wall is a load-bearing wall. Generally, in buildings with "brick concrete" structure, all prefabricated slab walls cannot be demolished or opened; Brick walls more than 24 cm are also load-bearing walls, which cannot be demolished or modified. The walls with "empty sound" when knocked are mostly non load-bearing walls, which can be removed and modified. In addition, someone opens the door and windows on the load-bearing wall, which will also damage the load-bearing of the wall, and it is not allowed

decoration sensitive area 2: beams and columns in the room

these beams and columns are used to support the upper floor slab. After removal, the upper floor slab will fall down, so it cannot be moved

decoration sensitive area 3: heating and gas pipelines

the installation and demolition of gas pipelines must be carried out by professional construction personnel of the gas company. The decoration company cannot "do it for others" and cannot cover water meters, electricity meters and gas meters during decoration. You should also be cautious about heating and heating pipes, because the location of heating in the room directly affects the indoor temperature in winter. If the demolition and modification are improper, either the heating is affected or the heating runs away

decoration sensitive area 4: reinforcement in the wall

if the house structure is compared with the adult body, the reinforcement in the wall is human bones and muscles. If the reinforcement is damaged when the pipeline is buried, the bearing capacity of the wall and floor will be affected. In case of earthquake, such walls and floors are easy to collapse or fracture

decoration sensitive area 5: toilet squatting pan

some old houses still use the old squatting pan. If you want to replace it with a toilet, you must be careful. Because squatting toilets are generally launched in the front, while sitting toilets are generally launched in the rear, so replacing the toilet means changing the sewer pipe. This kind of construction is difficult, and the original waterproof layer must be destroyed. If the installation is improper, either the water seeps downstairs or the toilet doesn't go into the water

decoration sensitive area 6: original steel windows

some residents changed aluminum alloy windows because the original steel windows were not good-looking. At present, a small number of decoration companies use small-size profiles for the sake of cheapness, or simply shoddy, so the firmness of some aluminum alloy windows is far inferior to that of steel windows. Such aluminum alloy windows are easy to fall off, especially in high-rise buildings

decoration sensitive area 7: waterproof layers in toilets and kitchens

there are waterproof layers under the ground in these places. If damaged, the downstairs will become a "water curtain hole". So when you change the ground materials, be sure not to damage the waterproof layer. If it is rebuilt after damage, the "24-hour water seepage test" must be carried out, that is, fill water in the kitchen or bathroom. If there is no leakage after 24 hours, it will be considered qualified

decoration sensitive area 8: "three proofs" or "five proofs" door

the door frame of these doors is embedded in concrete. If it is demolished, it will damage the building structure and reduce the safety factor. Moreover, the building structure of the door is destroyed, and it is more difficult to reinstall the new door

decoration sensitive area 9: the low wall beside the balcony

generally, there are one door and one window on the wall between the room and the balcony. These doors and windows can be removed, but the wall below the window cannot be moved. This section of wall is called "counterweight wall", which acts as a weight to lift the balcony. Dismantling this wall will reduce the bearing capacity of the balcony and cause the balcony to fall

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