The concept and market value of the renovation of

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Introduction to the concept and market value of renovation of construction machinery: most dealers and users of construction machinery in China do not have a clear concept of renovation. Many people even think that renovation is another explanation for overhaul. In fact, renovation is far different from overhaul. It has strict standards in equipment selection, ex factory inspection, etc., which is more important

most dealers and users of construction machinery in China do not have a clear concept of refurbishment. Many people even think that "refurbishment" is actually another explanation for overhaul. In fact, renovation is far different from overhaul. It has strict standards in equipment selection, factory inspection and other aspects. More importantly, renovation is a comprehensive factory performance recovery of equipment to a certain extent. As a second-hand equipment, it has higher quality and better performance

equipment refurbishment is different from overhaul

what is refurbishment? Strictly speaking, refurbishment refers to a process method that only keeps the basic parts of the equipment, updates all moving parts, and finally restores its manufacturing standards. It is at the highest level in the field of construction machinery maintenance

some experts believe that the maintenance of construction machinery within its service life can be divided into three levels. The highest level is renovation. It is the disassembly and reassembly of the whole machine and belongs to the remanufacture category. Each refurbished equipment is refurbished from inside to outside, from machinery to electronics, so as to ensure that the performance indicators of the equipment meet or even exceed the standards of new equipment (original equipment). Secondly, it is generally referred to as equipment maintenance, which is a means to replace all damaged parts on the basis of maintenance of main components, so as to restore the main functions and normal working conditions of the equipment. The lowest level is the simple maintenance of mechanical equipment, that is, the maintenance and lubrication of equipment to ensure that the equipment is in good working condition

the difference between refurbishment and overhaul is that equipment overhaul mainly focuses on repair, while refurbishment mainly focuses on the replacement of moving parts and the renewal of basic parts. It is the concept of "repair" and "replacement". Refurbishment refers to the overall disassembly of the whole machine, and the re inspection and new treatment of all basic components according to the original standards, including the processing of unqualified shaft holes, the detection and correction of cracks, etc., so that all parts of the machine can be restored to the original size, and then reassembled with new moving parts. The brand name of the inspection is tecobax, so as to meet or basically meet the original standards. In addition, technology upgrading is also a major feature of the renovation, which can optimize the equipment performance through the improvement of the original control system and execution components. For example, Jinan Fuqiang Power Co., Ltd. can refurbish and remanufacture the Steyr engine that is lower than the Euro II standard to make it meet the Euro II standard. Maintenance is a technical measure taken to maintain the good technical condition and normal operation of a product in the use stage. It is often random, in situ and urgent. Maintenance and refurbishment follow different principles in the replacement of parts and components. Equipment overhaul is more about correcting damaged parts. For example, due to the limitation of equipment technology, the pin shaft of a certain part of the equipment should have been a transitional fit, but as the wear may have reached the range of clearance fit, the refurbishment is to replace parts to solve this problem, while overhaul is to install washers Sleeve way to restore the original transition fit

in terms of the flow of equipment after renovation, renovation can be divided into customized renovation and pre-sale renovation. Customized refurbishment refers to a service mode in which the equipment is refurbished through customization by the user, and the equipment is returned to the user after refurbishment. This kind of renovation is a kind of service behavior conducted by the renovation manufacturer on the basis of consultation with the user, which is similar to overhaul. During the whole renovation process, the user supervises every step of the renovation. Some parts that have not reached the service life can be retained according to their own wishes. The manufacturer provides reference opinions, and explains the possible service conditions of the equipment after repair and whether the enterprise can provide quality assurance. Pre sale renovation refers to the renovation for the purpose of selling second-hand equipment. As the refurbished equipment is not predicted by specific customers, the enterprise can only carry out strict refurbishment inspection according to certain manufacturer standards, and formulate corresponding technical specifications, indicating the basic technical parameters such as engine power, and then enter the market as a kind of equipment between the new machine and the traditional second-hand construction machinery

after the second-hand equipment is repurchased from the user in the refurbishment process, the refurbishment manufacturer shall comprehensively collect and inspect the previous use data of the equipment, including the use time, working environment, maintenance records, etc. After that, all the equipment shall be disassembled for flaw detection of all basic components, and then the engine, hydraulic system, electrical system, chassis and other working accessories of the equipment shall be comprehensively renewed. Finally, new moving parts are added for assembly, and the whole machine can be sold after passing the performance test. At present, almost all enterprises engaged in equipment renovation have formulated a set of inspection standards for refurbished equipment with reference to the factory standards of new machines, and provided a certain equipment warranty period accordingly

however, not every equipment or any period of time is suitable for renovation. Equipment with low technology added value, short service life and low value is not suitable for renovation. Experts also suggest that if the cost of equipment renovation exceeds 65% of the value of the new machine, there is no renovation value. At present, the whole machine renovation business is more concentrated in large mining equipment, milling machines, pavers, hydraulic excavators and other high-value, high-tech imported equipment

circulation system and market value of refurbished equipment

sources of old equipment from the current market situation, the old equipment used for refurbishment mainly comes from four ways. The first is equipment in overhaul period. Like some imported equipment, many equipment have been used for about 10 years, with low work efficiency, high fuel consumption and frequent maintenance, causing a lot of inconvenience to users. On the one hand, users have high loyalty to the equipment, and the equipment has not entered the scrap stage and is not willing to scrap. On the other hand, overhaul can not completely solve the existing problems of the equipment. It is necessary to use renovation to improve the service performance of the equipment to replace frequent maintenance. The second is to trade in the old for the new. In recent years, after mortgage and other sales methods, the old for new as a sales method closer to users has won the favor of users and sellers. With the development of the trade in business, manufacturers and dealers have accumulated a certain amount of second-hand equipment to be sold. At this time, renovation provides them with a more mature method of operating second-hand equipment. The third is market recycling. With the continuous development of the second-hand market, professional second-hand equipment operators are gradually increasing. They operate second-hand equipment by recycling old equipment in the domestic and foreign markets. However, general equipment maintenance can not guarantee the efficiency and safety of second-hand equipment. Due to the lack of quality inspection ability, enterprises dare not provide quality assurance, resulting in unsalable equipment. This requires second-hand equipment operators to apply better technology and process to the new disposal of old equipment. The fourth is the exit of financial leasing equipment. As a new way of equipment sales, financial leasing is gradually emerging in China's construction machinery industry. Although it has not had a significant impact on the second-hand equipment market, we can predict that in a few years, when a large number of financial leasing contracts expire one after another, the data and results required for testing different materials will be different, and some leased equipment will enter the second-hand market for renovation. At present, in the domestic market, the renovation business of the first two types of equipment is carried out more, and the latter two types are still rare

market value of refurbished equipment most refurbished manufacturers believe that if the new machine market is called the primary market, then the refurbished equipment is just in the secondary market. Compared with the traditional overhauled second-hand equipment, the refurbished equipment can basically meet or even exceed the new machine (original factory equipment) standard in terms of mechanical performance. Its construction efficiency and safety performance are not inferior to the new machine, but far lower in price. The survey results of manufacturers engaged in refurbishment business show that the actual price of refurbished equipment is between 50% and 70% of the price of new machines, while the price of self owned equipment sent by users to manufacturers for refurbishment is only about 30% of the price of new machines

obtaining high performance and high reliability at a low price is a major foundation for the existence of the refurbishment business. In addition to the refurbishment of the user's own equipment, second-hand equipment users still focus on the high cost performance of the equipment. In addition to the price factor, the most important factors that enterprises consider when purchasing second-hand equipment are work efficiency, reliable performance and after-sales service. Due to its reliable technical performance, the refurbished equipment has the potential of a new machine. At present, most refurbished manufacturers will provide a warranty period of about 1 year for the refurbished equipment sold. In terms of parts supply and maintenance services, the same standards as the new machine are also implemented, which greatly facilitates users

the refurbished second-hand equipment of the customer group has its advantages in price and performance. It will naturally be favored by users in the second-hand market, which accounted for 12% of the global market share in 2013. From the perspective of the market flow of the refurbished equipment, the refurbished equipment mainly faces such users after strict inspection, namely, original equipment users, small and medium-sized second-hand equipment users, lessors, etc. In addition, many refurbished equipment have entered the international market. In addition to providing renovation services for its major domestic users, such as Antaibao coal mine, Tianjin west also carries out the renovation business of second-hand equipment worldwide

equipment refurbishment the main equipment refurbishment is different from equipment maintenance in a simple sense. It has a high standard in the allocation of maintenance resources and institutional settings. It is generally believed that equipment refurbishment enterprises should have complete technical data of refurbished equipment, senior technical personnel, various processing and testing equipment and other conditions

at present, the main body of renovation business is mainly concentrated between equipment manufacturers and large agents. From a technical point of view, the manufacturer has great advantages, complete data, mature technology and complete processing equipment. In terms of the use process of the equipment, the agents have a slight advantage. After the equipment is sold from the agent store, they have always undertaken after-sales service. They are quite clear about the equipment failure, have complete technical data and strong equipment maintenance system, and their control over the renovation process is more realistic. In addition, large maintenance enterprises with strong technical strength may also become a member of the renovation team. It is believed that under their joint promotion, the renovation technology will gradually mature

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